South Africa’s department of social development explains the objectives of the Children’s Act and things like the definition of the parental responsibilities.The Children’s Act of 2005 makes provision for matters such as children’s courts, adoption, child abduction and surrogate motherhood. (Image: Brand South Africa)Brand South Africa reporterSouth Africa has put certain sections of the new Children’s Act, which lowers the age of majority to 18 and allows those above 12 access to HIV testing and contraceptives into immediate effect, gaining much approval from the Children’s Rights Centre.The Children’s Act of 2005 (Act No. 38 of 2005) sets out principles relating to the care and protection of children, defines parental responsibilities and rights and makes provision for matters such as children’s courts, adoption, child abduction and surrogate motherhood.The principles call for the prioritisation of the best interest of the child, the right to the child being able to participate in any matter concerning that child, children living with disability or chronic illness and a child’s right of access to court.The Act also clarifies the grey area that currently exists in relation to the age of adulthood, whereby the Age of Majority Act of 1972 stipulates the age of 21 as the age of majority, while a child was defined as someone under the age of 18.“Between 18 and 21 you’re neither a child nor an adult. The Children’s Act of 2005 clarifies that grey area and brings in line with section 28 (3) of the Constitution. Now any person under 18, unless married or emancipated by order of court, is a child and any person over 18 is an adult,” the department of social development explained.It added that the Constitution and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child defined a child as any person under the age of 18 years.“[The] government felt that the changed socio-economic and political circumstances in South Africa justify the advancement of the age of majority to 18 years,” the department said.HIV testing and contraceptivesChildren’s Rights Centre spokesperson Noreen Ramsden last week welcomed the decision to give access to HIV/Aids testing contraceptives to those aged above 12 years, stating every person of a reproductive age should have such access, in addition to reproductive information.The Aids Foundation of South Africa’s deputy director Nozuko Majola agreed that this provided a platform for families, health care providers and schools to start talking about sexual reproductive health more openly with the youth.Responding to criticism that it excluded parental involvement in allowing children to undergo HIV testing or gain access to contraceptives, the department of social development said: “The Act provides that children should be provided with access to contraceptives. This is in realisation of the fact that children are sexually active at a very young age, even though the legal age of consent is 16.”“Furthermore, given HIV and Aids [prevalence], especially amongst teenagers, it would be unwise to deny children access to condoms,” the department maintained.It explained that the provision of the reproductive health services to minors would help government detect children who were in need of care.“We are mindful of the fact that a sexually active child may be a child in need of care. Therefore the health practitioners would be required to report suspicious cases to a child protection organisation, social workers, police officers or children’s court,” the department said.“The child would then receive proper attention and assistance. This would assist children who are abused, neglected and exploited.”It further emphasised that access to contraceptives should go hand in hand with appropriate sexuality education.The Act also contains new provisions on the parental responsibilities and rights of unmarried fathers relating to access to the custody of their children, with Ramsden stating that giving unmarried fathers custody of their children would encourage South African men to be better fathers.Regulations still requiredSocial Development Minister Zola Skweyiya explained last week that the bulk of the Act dealt with matters that need to be implemented on a practical level, which meant regulations were required before it could be fully implemented.“The Act, however, also deals with principles that are fundamental to the manner in which children are treated and protected,” he said.“To ensure the application of these important principles to all matters affecting children, the legislation containing the principles should be put into operation as soon as possible.”According to the department, the main objectives of the Act are to:Make provision for structures, services and means for promoting and monitoring the sound physical, psychological, intellectual, emotional and social development of children;Strengthen and develop community structures which can assist in providing care and protection for children; protect children from discrimination, exploitation and any other physical, emotional or moral harm or hazards;Provide care and protection for children who are in need of care and protection;Recognise the special needs that children with disabilities may have;Promote the protection, development and well-being of children;Promote the preservation and strengthening of families;Give effect to certain constitutional rights of children;Give effect to the Republic’s obligations concerning the well-being of children in terms of international instruments binding on the RepublicThe department said that in order for the rest of the Act to come into effect, regulations needed to be finalised first and another proclamation would be prepared at a later stage.Source: South African Government News Agency.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? 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Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Lora Howell from Danville won $25,000 worth of precision equipment for her farming operation from Ag Leader Technology.With the help of Evan Watson with Precision Agri Services, Inc., Howell created a video to share her story and participate in the national contest. The video of her farm to got her into the top three and Ag Leader selected the winner and announced the results in early August.“In case you don’t know us and our story, my dad passed away a few years back and when most people told my mom to downsize, she said, ‘I can do this,’” said Linsey Howell, Lora’s daughter. “Today, my mom and 14-year-old brother Justin, are successfully farming 500 acres and running livestock all while showing sheep competitively across the country!”She was the only Ohio contestant that made the top three and Ohio voters supported her until the July 20 deadline. Lora is a fourth generation farmer who manages the Farm Service Agency office out of Millersburg while maintaining 500 acre operation of corn, soybean, wheat, hay along with raising cattle, sheep, and goats.
Jokic hits go-ahead triple, Nuggets take down Warriors Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. “It’s tough to go out there and not be able to put in your best performance.” He also returned well, getting many of Kyrgios’s thunderbolts back in play and then winning the battle from the back of the court.“It’s awesome, it’s an amazing feeling and without my teammates it wouldn’t have been possible,” Zverev said.“Obviously we’re happy but hopefully this is just the beginning for us.”Kyrgios went into the match full of expectation after an impressive win over Jan-Lennard Struff in Friday’s opening singles.Zverev, on the other hand, had looked out of touch on Friday and was pushed for almost four hours before seeing off 18-year-old Alex de Minaur in five sets.ADVERTISEMENT Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City Globe Business launches leading cloud-enabled and hardware-agnostic conferencing platform in PH Read Next Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH MOST READ But following the Germans’ win in the doubles on Saturday to give them a 2-1 lead, all the pressure was on Kyrgios, who had to win to keep the tie alive.The mercurial Australian opened brilliantly, holding his serve to love much to the delight of the boisterous home crowd.But that was almost as good as it got for the Australian team, as Kyrgios lost two of his next three service games to surrender the opening set in just 23 minutes.Kyrgios appeared troubled by an elbow problem in the first set and it became more noticeable in the second, the Australian often shaking his right arm between points.He served better in the second set, firing down eight aces, but at 4-3 he had a medical timeout for treatment on his arm.The Australian continued to serve well and had two set points on Zverev’s serve at 6-5, but the German saved both then played a superb tiebreak to take a stranglehold on the rubber.Once Zverev broke to go ahead 3-1 the result was never really in doubt and at 2-5, Kyrgios was broken again to give Germany the tie. Kyrgios said he felt a problem with his elbow after Friday’s match.“It obviously affected me a lot,” a downcast Kyrgios said.“My serve is my biggest strength — I mean I thought he played great today — but my serve was not really there and that affects the rest of my game. John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding View comments Slow and steady hope for near-extinct Bangladesh tortoises 2 ‘newbie’ drug pushers fall in Lucena sting NEXT BLOCK ASIA 2.0 introduces GURUS AWARDS to recognize and reward industry influencers “(To win) against a very strong Australian team makes us very confident for the next round, for the upcoming years,” German captain Michael Kohlmann said.“We showed we have a lot of good players, a lot of strong players.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“We showed that we are able to go further than this.”Zverev served beautifully throughout, only facing two break points in the match, both at the end of the second set and both of which he saved. FILE – Germany’s Tim Puetz, right, plays a shot past Australia’s Matt Ebden, left, in the doubles match between Germany and Australia at the Davis Cup World Group first round in Brisbane, Australia, Saturday, Feb.3, 2018. (AP Photo/Tertius Pickard)German number one Alexander Zverev beat Nick Kyrgios in straight sets to give his country a 3-1 win over Australia in their Davis Cup World Group tie in Brisbane on Sunday.Zverev produced some superb tennis to down Kyrgios 6-2, 7-6 (7/3), 6-2 in one hour, 48 minutes and put Germany into a quarter-final against either Spain or Great Britain.ADVERTISEMENT AFP official booed out of forum LATEST STORIES