Courtyards Villa / Maena Architects

first_img Area:  350 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Projects ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Photographs:  Negar Yaghmaian – Pegah Abdolahian Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Houses “COPY” ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Courtyards Villa / Maena Architects Lead Architects: CopyHouses•Salman Shahr, Iran Iran Year:  Construction:Mohammad Mahdi ShabaniStructure:Meisam Deylam pourElectrical:Mohammad NezamPasandMechanical:Mohammad Ali QazanfariClient:Zahra Haj Mehdi SeifiDesign Team:Fereshteh MazaheriCity:Salman ShahrCountry:IranMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Negar Yaghmaian – Pegah AbdolahianRecommended ProductsMetallicsStudcoWall Stop Ends – EzyCapMetallicsTECU®Copper Surface – Classic CoatedWoodGustafsWood Veneered Wall & Ceiling PanelsMetallicsKriskadecorMetal Fabric – Outdoor CladdingText description provided by the architects. Converting courtyard houses into limited apartments of urban blocks has forced city residents to take refuge in the countryside in order to escape from the daily difficulties of urban life. For a long time, the town villas of the Northern cities of Iran have created different life possibilities for urban fugitives. However, the growth of the luxurious stereotypes, on one hand, and municipalities regulations, on the other hand, courtyards have become decorative or even just a parking area, while these spaces could be the basis for the daily activities of the family along with nature.Save this picture!© Negar Yaghmaian – Pegah AbdolahianSave this picture!Ground and First Floor PlansSave this picture!© Negar Yaghmaian – Pegah AbdolahianThe main Challenge of this project was to shift this conventional trend of villas and, to maximize the use of land and existing nature by forming adjacent open and closed spaces of equal values. The main idea behind this project was the replacement of decorative courtyard pattern with the vibrant courtyards connected to the private and public zones of the house. Realizing this idea, the open spaces of the courtyards, as a fluid organism with integrated brickwork, have filled all the empty spaces and consequently changed living standards of the inhabitants.Save this picture!Section B – Daylight DiagramThis Strategy has led to the different interior and exterior layers of the open spaces. These spaces include the front yard, the middle yard, the interior yard, the backyard, and the up yard. Besides, the client’s preference was a direct view of the nearby park old tree from the main spaces which fulfilled by shifting the public space to the top floor and the North-South orientation of the plan.Save this picture!© Negar Yaghmaian – Pegah AbdolahianProject gallerySee allShow lessTitan Integrity Campus / MindspaceSelected ProjectsRibo Fashion Group Zhimei Research and Development Center / A3 VISIONSelected Projects Share 2017 Photographs ArchDaily Manufacturers: LG Electronics, 4m, Bms, Green Floor, Ovio, Viste Best Save this picture!© Negar Yaghmaian – Pegah Abdolahian+ 30Curated by María Francisca González Share “COPY” Honey Arjomandi- Mohammad Mahdi Shabani Courtyards Villa / Maena ArchitectsSave this projectSaveCourtyards Villa / Maena Architects Architects: Maena Architects Area Area of this architecture project CopyAbout this officeMaena ArchitectsOfficeFollowProductsWoodSteelConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesSalman ShahrIranPublished on December 24, 2018Cite: “Courtyards Villa / Maena Architects” 23 Dec 2018. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogShowerhansgroheShowers – RainfinityGlass3MGlass Finish – FASARA™ GeometricPartitionsSkyfoldVertically Folding Operable Walls – Zenith® Premium SeriesMetal PanelsTECU®Copper Surface – Patina_VariationsBeams / PillarsLunawoodThermowood Frames and BearersMembranesEffisusFaçade Fire Weatherproofing Solutions in Design District Project LondonSkylightsVELUX CommercialModular Skylight Ridgelight in Office BuildingSwitchesJUNGLight Switch – LS PlusCurtain WallsRabel Aluminium SystemsSpider System – Rabel 15000 Super ThermalWindowspanoramah!®ah! Soft CloseWoodAustralian Sustainable Hardwoods (ASH)American Oak by ASHChairs / StoolsOKHADining Chair – BarnettMore products »Save世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my streamlast_img read more

Pilot psychological testing: how far should it go?

first_imgIn the wake of the tragic crash of Germanwings Flight 9525 the airline industry has been quick to adopt cockpit procedures designed to help prevent the kind of thing that allegedly brought down the A320. A French prosecutor contends 9525’s first officer Andreas Lubitz’s “intention [was] to destroy this plane,” by locking the captain out of the cockpit and commanding the aircraft to descend on a fatal trajectory into the Alps March 24th. All 150 souls on board perished.Following post-9/11 U.S. regulations, the European Aviation Safety Agency published “a temporary recommendation for airlines to ensure that at least two crew, including one qualified pilot, are in the [cockpit] at all times of the flight.” Airlines are now making that standard.That is the easy part. Far more difficult is what others propose: increased, on-going psychological testing of pilots to make sure bad apples aren’t in the cockpit to begin with.In many cases it all starts with a pre-employment psychological assessment. Most airlines do such testing, focusing on pilots’ attitude about themselves, how they solve problems, how they deal with others. There is no standard pre-employment test by which airlines fashion a psychological profile of a prospective pilot.“Can we do more than [psychologically] screen pilots when they’re first hired? Sure,” asserts Kit Darby, a retired United Airlines captain. “We can do it annually. We can do it every six months. We can do it every five years. Anything would be more than what we do now.” Darby, now heads the U.S.-based aviation consultancy Forms Fall Short?If commercial airline pilots are under 40 they must have a medical exam once a year, if over 40 every six months. In the United States it’s administered by a Federal Aviation Administration-designated doctor. This is essentially a physical examination. In a prepared response to’s questions, FAA says, “the medical application form includes questions pertaining to the mental health of the pilot.” In other words, it’s the pilot’s duty to tell the doctor if he or she thinks something’s wrong by checking the right box.FAA says the designated Aviation Medical Examiner, “will use this self-disclosure to ask additional questions about mental health issues. The AME can order additional psychological testing.”Psychological screening is “very cursory now,” asserts Darby. “We’re counting…on all pilots to self-report if they have an issue and for other pilots around them to report them if they’re acting strange.” As for fellow pilots assessing the mental state of their colleagues, Darby says they’re simply not trained to do it.The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) establishes standards for the medical exams, but in some instances those standards can be met by something as simple as filling in a form.Once basic ICAO requirements have been met the member nations and airlines can make the physical and mental assessments as comprehensive as they please.Darby believes a pilot answering a few questions embedded in a medical form falls short of an “extensive” psychological exam.If psychological screening can be less than extensive so can communication between doctors. Retired Boeing 747-400 Captain R. Michael Baiada says pilots can “go to their personal doctor with an issue, whether it’s physical or mental.” Problem is “that information probably would never get to the FAA doctor if the pilot chooses not to reveal it.”Baiada, who now heads up the U.S.-based aviation consultancy ATH Group, says it is unlikely a pilot’s personal physician talks to the FAA doctor. This despite the fact that FAA says it requires pilots to report “any health professional visits during the previous three years.”Two issues here: is the psychological information gleaned from the annual or bi-annual medical checks sufficient, and is it communicated among those who need to know? Both questions may be far more than academic as investigators sift through the remains of Andreas Lubitz’s life.Kit Darby says, “serious abnormalities [are] rarely found,” by the time a pilot goes to work for an airline. “Typically, a civilian pilot getting hired by a major U.S. airline has about 6,000 hours [flight time],” he says. “You don’t get people who are very outside the norm who have gotten that far.”Lubitz had 630 flight hours, joining Germanwings in September 2013 from the Lufthansa Flight Training School in Bremen. What demons may have driven the 28-year old aviator to allegedly kill himself and 149 other human beings remains to be seen.What also remains to be seen is how the industry responds in the regulatory arena. Calls for more thorough, more frequent psychological testing, believe Darby, could well meet with opposition among pilot’s unions. “Pilots are going to resist” pressure for increased screening, he says. “They’re already heavily monitored…The unions are going to fight it.”In a prepared statement Air Line Pilots Association, International, the world’s largest pilot union, says, “Airline pilots in the United States and Canada are subject to rigorous screening prior to being hired, including an assessment of the pilot’s mental and emotional state. Once hired, pilots are evaluated continuously throughout their careers…all flight and cabin crewmembers monitor and evaluate each other while on duty.”The same is true in most areas of the world.A Bit of Perspective, PleasePerspective is always a casualty when it comes to public perception of air crashes. International Air Transport Association Director General and CEO Tony Tyler says; “Each day about nine million people board aircraft as passengers. We work very hard to earn and keep their trust by transporting them safely to their destination.”Our trust in the people up front in the cockpit is implicit and ingrained. That’s why something such as Germanwings 9525 shakes us so. Crashes of any kind are rare despite the rash of them we’ve seen over the last year. Crashes where a pilot purposely precipitates the tragedy are rarer still.It’s a perspective too easily forgotten.last_img read more

SA’s employment tax incentives boost jobs

first_img16 January 2015Some 270 000 young people had landed jobs since the implementation of the Employment Tax Incentive Act, the National Treasury said on 15 January.National Treasury spokesperson Jabulani Sikhakhane said about 29 000 employers had made use of the incentive. It came into effect in 2014, after the law was passed in December 2013.“Information received from the South African Revenue Service (SARS) indicates that employers have claimed the incentive for at least 270 000 employees up until the end of December 2014,” he said.“National Treasury is working with SARS to use the data that is included in the bi- annual reporting requirements from employers to create a more detailed assessment of the impact of the Act on youth employment. This work is still progressing, but a report will be published when the analysis is complete.”The law was passed in December 2013 after consultations with labour unions and business at the National Economic Development and Labour Council (Nedlac).Sikhakhane said the National Treasury would continue to monitor the implementation of the incentive and may act to change it if there were unintended consequences that were not in line with the objective of creating more employment.“As the incentive progresses and more data becomes available it will be easier to investigate these specific questions and they will be covered in any report that is published on the incentive.” The initial take up of the incentive had been “higher than expected”, which could be seen as a positive start.“More time is required to adequately assess the overall success of the policy as it is dependent on the number of new jobs created and the future opportunities and progression of employees who were hired as a result of the incentive.“The incentive will then be up for review in 2016, where adjustments may be made to improve its impact and effectiveness,” Sikhakhane said.The current phase of the Employment Tax Incentive is aimed at helping young people between the ages of 18 and 29 to get work.“The other two categories of intended beneficiaries have no age restrictions and they are workers employed by companies operating in special economic zones designated by notice by the Minister of Finance in the [Government] Gazette; and workers employed by a business which is part of an industry which has been designated by the Minister of Finance, after consultation with the Minister of Labour and the Minister of Trade and Industry, by notice in the Gazette,” Sikhakhane said.The incentive was first announced by President Jacob Zuma in 2010 against the concerns of an increasing rate of unemployment among young people. Following this announcement, Pravin Gordhan, at the time minister of finance, introduced the incentive in his 2010 Budget.In February 2011, a discussion paper, “Confronting youth unemployment: policy options for South Africa” was published. It was referred to Nedlac for consultation, and the National Treasury said the comments made at Nedlac had been included in the newly approved draft Bill.Source: SANewslast_img read more

Perdue to serve as Ag Secretary

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Leading into his presidential inauguration, Donald Trump announced that Sonny Perdue, former Governor of Georgia, was the selection for the last remaining cabinet position — Secretary of Agriculture.Many in agriculture applauded the choice.“The nomination of former Georgia Governor Sonny Perdue for Secretary of Agriculture is welcome news to the nation’s farmers and ranchers. Gov. Perdue will provide the strong voice that agriculture needs in the new administration. He is an outstanding nominee,” said Zippy Duvall, President, American Farm Bureau Federation. “I have known Gov. Perdue for years. I’ve seen firsthand his commitment to the business of agriculture as we worked together on issues facing farmers and ranchers in our home state of Georgia. He understands the challenges facing rural America because that’s where he was born and raised. He is a businessman who recognizes the impact immigration reform, trade agreements and regulation have on a farmer’s bottom line and ability to stay in business from one season to the next.”last_img read more